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2008-08-16 18:35:53|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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In the era of knowledge and information of explosion, communication between different regions or countries becomes more and more important than ever before. It results in several languages which is popular in the world. However, many of the world's lesser-known languages are fading out of our eyes' scope. In my opinion, lesser-known languages, as important treasure, should be prevented from extinct according governments and society effort. At the same time, it is also our youth obligation to take over the task.
With the dramatic development of science and technology, common language , like english, chinese, spanish and so on, is received more and more attention. To better understand and communicate with foreigner and alien things, children are required to study another language such as english, when they are very young. With good ability of language, one can benefit from in future job market, since there are lots of foreign enterprises which require their staffs exchanging in english or other language in company. Furthermore, for a country, it is vital to communicate with other countries in science, technology, culture, education, environment protection and other fields. Globalization process requires people in all countries should have certain common language. However, during globalization process, there are many of the world's lesser-known languages which is in danger and even becoming extinct as fewer and fewer people speak them. As an old saying, existence is reasonable. Everyone has right to use language inherited from their precursors in ordinary life. As precious treasure handed down from our precursors, lesser-known languages carry much important culture elements which is composed of our current culture. That is to say our current culture takes root in various languages including lesser-known languages. Since there are various languages, there is culture diversity. Without these lesser-known languages, our culture will show dull and lose her color in some extent without robust. Our culture is just like a ecology system. Several species can't keep a stable ecologic system. Only a ecologic system being full of diverse and complex species can stand up storm and heavy rain. From diversity angle, obviously, it is urgent for our government to take effective and efficient measure to protect these precious languages.
Moreover, as transmitters of language, our youth should take more obligations to achieve the crucial history task. With the appearance of internet, many young people like to chat, send email and write blogs online. Many adolescents began to use more internet popular language to show their fashion, but refute to use more dialect, even feel indignity in using dialects. One hand we admit that popular language is also important; On another hand we should pay enough emphasis on our dialects. We must and have to success in handing down our precursors' treasure otherwise our offspring will blame us.
In sum, less-known is vital for culture diversity. Though globalization process require common language, our government, our society, our youth have obligation to take exact measure to prevent these language from extinct for our human beings' well-being.







In this argument, the arguer claims that the company, Perkins Pharmaceuticals, which produce a new drug called Xylan, is the most profitable pharmaceutical company in ten years, since the effect of the drug is prior to the drug named Xenon. Though Becton Pharmaceuticals' product, Xenon is the best-selling drug treatment for arthritis, it will lose its market due to patent time and other competitors. In my opinion, however, the arguer provides little credible evidence to support his view as following reasons.
To begin with, on evidence shows that Becton will lose his market of Xenon. It is not enough to draws that other companies will be able to produce a cheaper version of the drug and then Becton lose his market. Patent time is not a determinant factor for the conclusion. It is possible the market of Xenon is stature during these three years and there is nearly no profitable space to other companies. Furthermore, the arguer doesn't provide the requirement of Xenon, it is entirely possible that producing the drug need advanced technology and experience, or more invest, and these restrictions are impossible for other companies. After there years market of Xenon, patients has stable confidence on Becton and won't try other companies product for consideration of their health. Without considering and ruling out these alternatives, the conclusion that Becton will lose his market is suspicious.
Secondly, the arguer fairly assumes that Perkins Pharmaceuticals will be the most profitable company as its Xylan. Though clinical studies show that the effect of Xenon is better than Xenon in the treament of patients suffering from the most extreme cases of arthritis. Firstly, we are not told what is proportion of exteme cases of arthritis. In commen sense, there are always minor rate of for patient of suffering of exteme cases arthritis. From this aspect, even if Xylan occupies all the market on these patients, Xenon is still profitable on the rest of patients with arthritis. It is possible for the rest of patients with arthritis to choose Xenon rather than Xylan as it is not necessary. We don’t know the treatment effect of Xylan in common ill patients with arthritis. In competition of future market between Xenon and Xylan, it is uncertain. On another hand, the price is vital for patients to choose their drug for arthritis. However, we don’t know whether there is price precedence of Xylan. It is highly possible that its price is so expensive that most patient family cannot afford it and turn to choose the Xenon. Moreover, albeit good treatment effect for critical ill patients, whether there is side effect or not is not knowledge. It is possible that patients are reluctant to choose the better drug Xylan due to its side effect. All these possibilities can hinder the profit of Xylan.
In sum, the author provide no enough evidence to show that Xylan will the most profitable drug for treatment of arthritis in future ten year, and it is also possible the Becton will continue to be profitable for its drug Xenon. Until the arguer ruling out these alternatives mentioned above, I can’t believe that Perkins Pharmaceuticals will be the most profitable pharmaceutical company in ten years.
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