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常见物种染色体及大小  

2014-03-12 03:47:47|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genome/browse/
ath  Arabidopsis thaliana (298 precursors, 337 mature) [TAIR10]  x = 5, (2n = 2x = 10) 135 Mb
bdi Brachypodium distachyon (258 precursors, 464 mature) [v1.0]  x = 5, (2n = 2x = 10) 355 Mb
gar  Gossypium arboreum (1 precursors, 1 mature) A genome  x = 13, (2n = 2x = 26) 1.75 Gb
ghb Gossypium herbaceum (1 precursors, 1 mature) A genome  x = 13, (2n = 2x = 26) 1.75 Gb
ghr Gossypium hirsutum (78 precursors, 80 mature)  x = 13, (2n = 4x = 52)  2.5 Gb
gma  Glycine max (505 precursors, 554 mature) [v1.0] x=20 2n= 2x = 40  975Mb
gra Gossypium raimondii (4 precursors, 4 mature)   X=13 2n = 2x = 26  880 Mb
mtr  Medicago truncatula (672 precursors, 756 mature) [JCVI_Mt3.5.2] 2n = 16 ~454 to 526 Mbp
nta Nicotiana tabacum (162 precursors, 164 mature)  x = 12, (2n = 4x = 48)   3800 Mb
osa Oryza sativa (592 precursors, 713 mature) [MSU7] x = 12, (2n =2x= 24) 426.34
ppt  Physcomitrella patens (229 precursors, 280 mature) [JGI1.1] x = 27, (2n =2x= 54) 511 Mb
ptc Populus trichocarpa (352 precursors, 401 mature) [JGI_Poptr2.0] x = 19, (2n=2x= 38) 422.9 Mb
stu Solanum tuberosum (224 precursors, 343 mature) [SolTub3.0] x = 12, (2n =4x = 48) 840 Mb
tcc Theobroma cacao (82 precursors, 82 mature) 2n=2x=20 430 Mbp
vvi Vitis vinifera (163 precursors, 186 mature) [Genoscope-20100122]  x =19 (2n =2x = 38)  487Mb 

已经完成基因组测序或正在进行基因组测序的陆生植物及其基因组大小(1pg等于978Mb)
 
1.         拟南芥Arabidopsis thaliana (thale cress) (114.5 Mb/125 Mb total) has been sequenced in the year 2000  5 Chr.
2.         水稻 rice Oryza sativa 389Mbp  430mb 12 Chr.   Indica 466Mb 12n
3.         大麦barley 5439 Mbp
4.         小麦 wheat Triticum aestivum ABD*7=21条染色体 六倍体面包小麦ABD 2n=6X=42 16979 Mb  硬粒小麦12030Mb    一粒小麦 5700 Mb 二倍体Aegilops tauschii (D基因组来源)is a wild plant species that is diploid (2n = 14) with genome size about 4000 Mb. Triticum aestivum is the product of hybridization between Triticum turgidum (AABB) and Ae. tauschii (DD)
5.         燕麦Avena sativa (oat) 2n = 6x = 42) oat species with a genome of about 11000 Mbp
6.         玉米  maize Zea mays 2365Mbp 10Chr.
7.         高梁sorghum bicolor 760 Mbp 10Chr.
8.         二穗短柄草Brachypodium distachyon(common name purple false brome 紫色假燕麦)2n=2x=10 164Mb model cereal, biofuel
9.         谷子foxtail millet 栗,小米,狗尾栗 Setaria italica 515 Mb 9 chromosomes: I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX 遗传图谱Devos_98
10.     杨树 poplar tree populus trichocarpa 480mb 19n
11.     葡萄 graperine vitis vinifera 19 Chr. 500 Mb 2n = 38
12.     蕃木瓜 papaya Carica papaya 9Chr. 372 Mb
13.     马铃薯potato 850 Mbp 12 Chr. Solanum tuberosum L
14.     烟草 N. tabacum is an amphiploid species (2n=48) likely resulting from an interspecific cross between N. sylvestris (2n=24) and N. tomentosiformis (2n=24), and at approximately 4.5 billion base pairs
15.     苜蓿 medicago Medicago Truncatula 500mb 8n
16.     大豆soybean  20 chromosomes unknown chromosome size
17.     百脉根(Lotus japonicus)MG-20  472  6n  Weed legume with a small genome
18.     番茄 tomato Solanum lycopersicum 950 Mb 12n
19.     松树 pine
20.     洋葱 onion Allium cepa  15000 Mb distributed over 8 large chromosomes
21.     芹菜Apium graveolens (celery) 11 chromosomes
22.     石卷柏Asparagus officinalis (garden asparagus) 10 chromosomes
23.     香蕉banana
24.     白菜Brassica oleracea甘蓝 B. rapa白菜 B. nupus 油菜an allotetraploid (AACC genome type, 2n = 38).
25.     芥菜Brassica juncea (Indian mustard) polyploid having AABB genome type and 18 haploid chromosomes
26.     蓖麻Castor bean  Ricinus communis ~400 Mbp 10n
27.     Chlamydomonas reinhardtii 100Mb 17n
28.     蓝桉Eucalyptus globulus  600Mb 11n
29.     Ostreococcus lucimarinus CCE9901  13.25mb 21 n
30.     Ostreococcus tauri OTH95 12.5mb 20n
31.     Physcomitrella patens subsp. patens 511mb 27n
32.     木薯Manihot esculenta (cassava)  760-770 Mb with 18 haploid chromosomes Root crop that grows in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world
33.     甜菜Beta vulgaris (beet) 758 Mb 2N=18
34.     茶Camellia sinensis (tea) 15 chromosomes
35.     胡椒Capsicum annuum (pepper) 2,700 Mbp with 2n=24 chromosomes
36.     柚子Citrus maxima (pomelo orange) 9 chromosomes
37.     榛子Corylus avellana (hazelnut) 11 chromosomes
38.     胡萝卜Daucus carota (carrot)
39.     穇子Eleusine coracana (finger millet) 18 chromosomes an allotetraploid (2n = 4x = 40) cereal
40.     Eragrostis tef (tef) 20 chromosomes  C-4 metabolism
41.     牛毛草Festuca pratensis (meadow fescue) 7 chromosomes
 
EST: expressed sequence tags
GSS:genome survey sequence
HTG:high throughput genomic sequence
WGS:
PLN
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